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New Testament passages #2
(Full text - normally New International Version unless stated)


Arranged by key Greek words: 4 apallasso – to set free, deliver from
5 hilaskomai to be gracious, to expiate
6 an(h)iemi to loosen, freedom
7 eleutheria to set free, liberty
8 agorazo to buy back, ransom


4  apallasso – to set free, deliver from


Luke 12.57-59 (‘settle’ = set yourself free from)

Why don't you judge for yourselves what is right?  58As you are going with your adversary to the magistrate, try hard to set yourself free from him on the way, or he may drag you off to the judge, and the judge turn you over to the officer, and the officer throw you into prison.  59I tell you, you will not get out until you have paid the last penny.


Hebrews 2.14-18

Since God's children are flesh and blood, (Jesus) too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death - that is the devil - 15and set free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death.  16For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham's descendants.  17For this reason he had to be made like his brothers in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement (hilaskomai) for the sins of the people.  18Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.


5  hilaskomai to be gracious, to expiate


Matthew 16.22

Peter took Jesus aside and began to rebuke him.   "God be gracious to you (NIV: 'Never') Lord," he said.   "This shall never happen to you!"


Luke 18.10-14

(Jesus told this parable)  Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector.  11The Pharisee stood up and prayed about himself: "God, I thank you that I am not like other men - robbers, evildoers, adulterers - or even like this tax collector.  12I fast twice a week and give a tenth of all I get."

13But the tax collector stood at a distance.  He would not even look up to heaven, but beat his breast and said, "God, have mercy on me, a sinner."  14I tell you that this man, rather than the other one, went home justified before God.  For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.


Romans 3.25

Go to the linked passage above


Hebrews 2.17

Go to the linked passage above


Hebrews 8.12

Quotes Jeremiah 31.34 as at Hebrews 10.17


Hebrews 9.5

Above the ark were the cherubim of Glory, overshadowing the atonement cover (or 'throne of mercy').


1 John 2.2

(Jesus Christ) is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only for ours but also for the sins of the whole world.


1 John 4.8-10

Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love.  9This is how God showed his love among us: He sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him.  10This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins.


6  an(h)iemi to loosen, freedom


Luke 4.18-19  (quoting Isaiah 61.1-2 and 58.6)

(Jesus read in synagogue)  "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor.  He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight to the blind, to release the oppressed, 19to proclaim the year of the Lord's favour."


Acts 16.25-6

(Imprisoned in Philippi)  About midnight Paul and Silas were praying and singing hymns to God and the other prisoners were listening to them.  26Suddenly there was such a violent earthquake that the foundations of the prison were shaken.   At once all the prison doors flew open, and everybody's chains were loosened.


Acts 24.23

Felix (the Roman governor at Caesarea) ordered the centurion to keep Paul under guard but to give him some freedom and permit his friends to take care of his needs.


7  eleutheria to set free, liberty


Matthew 17.25-27

Jesus spoke first and said, "What do you think, Simon?  From whom do the kings of the earth collect duty and taxes - from their own sons or from others?"   26"From others," Peter answered.

"Then the sons are exempt," Jesus replied.   27"But so that we may not offend (the collectors asking for the two-drachma tax) go to the lake and throw out your line.  Take the first fish you catch; open its mouth and you will find a four-drachma coin.  Take it and give it to them for my tax and yours."


John 8.31-36

To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, "If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples.  32Then you will know the truth, and the truth (i.e. Jesus' teaching - perhaps also the Spirit) will set you free."

33They answered him, "We are Abraham's descendants and have never been anyone's slaves.  How can you say we shall be set free?"

34Jesus replied, "I tell you the truth, everyone who sins is a slave to sin.   35Now a slave has no permanent place in the family, but a son belongs to it for ever.   36So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed.


Romans 6.18-22

You have been set free from sin and have become slaves to righteousness.  19I put this in human terms because you are weak in your natural selves.  Just as you used to offer the parts of your body in slavery to impurity and to ever-increasing wickedness, so now offer them in slavery to righteousness, leading to holiness.  20When you were slaves to sin, you were free from the control of righteousness.  21What benefit did you reap at that time from the things you are now ashamed of?  Those things result in death.  22But now that you have been set free from sin and have become slaves to God, the benefit you reap leads to holiness, and the result is eternal life.   For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.


Romans 7.1-4

The law has authority over a man only as long as he lives.  2For example, by law a married woman is bound to her husband as long as he is alive, but if her husband dies she is released from the law of marriage.  3So then, if she marries another man while her husband is still alive, she is called an adulteress.  But if her husband dies, she is released from that law and is not an adulteress, even though she marries another man.  4So, my brothers, you also died to the law through the body of Christ, that you might belong to another, to him who was raised from the dead.


Romans 8.2

Through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit of life set me free from the law of sin and death.


Romans 8.21

Go to the linked passage above


1 Corinthians 7.20-23

Each one should remain in the situation he was in when God called him.  21Were you a slave when you were called?  Don't let it trouble you - although if you can gain your freedom do so.  22For he who was a slave when he was called by the Lord is the Lord's freedman; similarly he who was a free man when he was called is Christ's slave.  23You were bought at a price (agorazo); do not become slaves of men.


1 Corinthians 9.1

Am I not free?  Am I not an apostle?  Have I not seen Jesus our Lord?


1 Corinthians 9.19

Though I am free and belong to no man, I make myself a slave to everyone, in order to win as many as possible (for Christ).


1 Corinthians 10.29

For why should my freedom be judged by another's conscience?


2 Corinthians 3.17

The Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.


Galatians 2.4

Some false brothers had infiltrated our ranks to spy on the freedom we have in Christ Jesus and to make us slaves.


Galatians 4.21-31

Tell me, you who are under the law, are you not aware of what the law says?  22For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave woman and one by the free woman.  23His son by the slave woman was born in the ordinary way, but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a promise.

24These things may be taken figuratively, for the women represent two covenants.  Once covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves.  This is Hagar.  25Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her children.  26But the Jerusalem that is above is free, and she is our mother.   27For it is written:

"Be glad, O barren woman, who bears no children; break forth and cry aloud, you who have no labour pains; because more are the children of the desolate woman than of her who has a husband." (Isaiah 54.1)

28Now you, brothers, are children of promise, like Isaac.  29At that time the son born in the ordinary way persecuted the son born by the power of the Spirit.  30But what does Scripture say?  "Get rid of the slave woman and her son, for the slave woman's son will never share in the inheritance of the free woman's son." (Genesis 21.10)  31Therefore, brothers, we are not children of the slave woman, but of the free woman.


Galatians 5.1

It is for freedom that Christ has set us free.


Galatians 5.13

You, my brothers, were called to be free.  But do not let this freedom provide an opening for self-indulgence (NIV 'the sinful nature'); rather serve one another in love.


James 1.25

The man who looks intently into the perfect law that gives freedom, and continues to do this, not forgetting what he has heard, but doing it - he will be blessed in what he does.


James 2.12-13

Speak and act as those who are going to be judged by the law that gives freedom, 13because judgement without mercy will be shown to anyone who has not been merciful.  Mercy triumphs over judgement!


1 Peter 2.16

Live as free people, but do not use your freedom as a cover-up for evil; live as servants of God.  Show proper respect for everyone: Love the fellowship of believers, fear God, honour your king.


2 Peter 2.1, 19

But there were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you.  They will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the sovereign Lord who purchased their freedom (agorazo) - bringing swift destruction on themselves ... 19They promise freedom, while they themselves are slaves of depravity - for a man is a slave to whatever has mastered him.


Also used to distinguish without metaphor or paradox between slaves and free people in ordinary society for example:

1 Corinthians 12.12-13

The body is a unit, though it is made up of many parts; and though all its parts are many, they form one body.  So it is with Christ.  13For we were all baptised by one Spirit into one body - whether Jews or Greeks, slave or free - and we were all given the one Spirit to drink.

Galatians 3.26-29

You are all children of God through faith in Jesus Christ, 27for all of you who were baptised into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ.  28There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.

Ephesians 6.8

The Lord will reward everyone for whatever good he does, whether he is slave or free.

Colossians 3.10-11

You have put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge in the image of its creator.  11Here there is no Greek or Jew, circumcised or uncircumcised, Scythian, slave or free, but Christ is all, and is in all.

Revelation 6.15

(As the Lamb opened the sixth seal) The kings of the earth, the princes, the generals, the rich, the mighty, and every slave and every free man hid in caves and among the rocks of the mountains.


8  agorazo to buy back, ransom


1 Corinthians 6.19-20

Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God?  You are not your own; 20you were bought at a price.  Therefore honour God with your body.


1 Corinthians 7.23

Go to the linked passage above


Galatians 3.13

Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written, "Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree." (Deuteronomy 21.23)


Galatians 4.4-5

But when the time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons.


Ephesians 5.15-16

Be very careful, then, how you live - not as unwise but as wise people, 16redeeming (NIV making the most of) every opportunity, because the days are evil.


2 Peter 2.1

Go to the linked passage above


Revelation 5.9

(They sang to the Lamb)  "You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, because you were slain, and with your blood you purchased people for God from every tribe and language and people and nation."


Revelation 14.3-4

They sang a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and the elders.  No one could learn the song except the 144,000 who had been redeemed from the earth.  4These are those who did not defile themselves with women, for they kept themselves pure.   They follow the Lamb wherever he goes.  They were purchased from among men and offered as first-fruits to God and the Lamb.


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